Vegetable Production Guide

Eggplant
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Table 1 Eggplant Insect Control

This section was updated - 12 January 2018

Table 1 Eggplant Insect Control

 

Product

Rate

PHI*

Comments

Aphids & Flea Beetles

Actara 240 SC

(thiamethoxam)
 
Group 4
375 to 625 mL/ha
(152 to 253 mL/acre)
N/A
  • Make an in-furrow application at the seeding or transplant depth or a narrow surface band above the seedline during planting.
  • For a surface application, incorporate to the seeding depth with irrigation within 24 hours after planting.
  • Do not apply more than 625 mL/ha (253 mL/acre) per year.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar applications of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Also controls CPB.
  • Early season suppression only for flea beetle.

Actara 25WG

(thiamethoxam)

Group 4
Field spray application:
105 g/ha
(42 g/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha
(40 L/acre) of water 
1
  • Controls aphids only.
  • Maximum of 2 foliar applications per season.
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply following an in-furrow or soil application of Actara 240 SC.
  • Observe a 120 day plantback interval for crops not on this label.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Highly toxic to bees.  Do not apply or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds if bees are foraging in or adjacent to the treatment area.
 

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)
Group 4D

Soil Application:

Up to 26,650 plants per ha:   750 mL per 10,000 plants

Up to 20,000 plants per ha: 1000 mL per 10,000 plants
45
  • For aphid control only.
  • Apply using chemigation into the root-zone through low-pressure drip, trickle, micro-sprinkler or equivalent equipment.
  • Do not use in greenhouses. 
  • Do not follow a soil application of Sivanto Prime with a foliar application of Sivanto Prime or other Group 4D insecticide.
  • Do not apply more than  2000 mL/ha (810 mL/acre) of product per season.
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.
  • See CPB section of this table for foliar application for aphid and CPB control.

Beleaf 50SG

(flonicamid)
 
Group 9C
120 to 160 g/ha
(50 to 65 g/acre)

Apply in 94 L/ha (38L/acre) of water.
0
  • Controls aphids only.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals as needed.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply more than 480 g/ha (200 g/acre) of product per season.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Movento

(spirotetramat)

Group 23
220 to 365 mL/ha
(90 to 150 mL/acre)

Apply in 300 L/ha
(120 L/acre) of water
1
  • Controls aphids only.
  • Movento 240 SC should be used with one of the following adjuvants: non-ionic (eg. Agral 90 or Ag-Surf) or methylated seed oil (eg. Hasten).
  • Maximum allowed per crop season: 730 mL/ha (295 mL/acre).
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply during crop flowering period or when flowering weeds are present in the field.

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28
aphids:
500 to 1500 mL/ha
(200 to 600 mL/acre)
 
flea beetles:
500 to 1000 mL/ha
(200 to 400 mL/acre)
 
Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
 
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • For aphids, use with an adjuvant such as Hasten NT at a rate of 0.25% v/v or MSO Concentrate with Leci-Tech at a rate of 0.5% v/v.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • Note:  Do not tank-mix or apply in sequence with strobilurin-, copper- or captan-containing fungicides.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for legume vegetables, cereals, grass, crop group 1A (inlcuding beets, carrots, radish, parsnip, turnip) and crop group 2 (inlcuding beet greens and turnip greens). 
  • Observe a plantback interval of 1 year for crops not on this label.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Also controls CPB.  See CPB section of this table.

Flea Beetles

Sevin XLR

(carbaryl)

Group 1A
2.5 L/ha
(1.0 L/acre)
2
  • Maximum of 2 applications per year.
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Toxic to bees.  Avoid applying durign crop blooming period.  If necessary to treat during this time, make applications in the evening to avoid foraging bees.
  • Do not enter treated area for hand-harvesting or hand-line irrigation for 7 days.  Do not re-enter for scouting, turning, weeding, tying or staking for 3 days.
  • Also controls CPB.  See CPB section of this table for details.

Mites

Malathion 85E

(malathion)

Group 1B
535 to 1345 mL/ha
(216 to 544 mL/acre)
3
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per year.
  • Best control is obtained when temperature is above 20°C.
  • Toxic to fish.
  • Do not apply after expiry date on the container label.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Kanemite 15 SC

(acequinocyl)
 
Group 20B
2.1 L/ha
(0.8 L/acre)

Apply in 500 to 1800 L/ha (200 to 725 L/acre) of water
1
  • Controls two spotted spider mite.
  • Do not apply more than twice per year.
  • Repeat at a 21 day interval.
  • For first use on a new variety, test spray a small number of plants to check for plant injury prior to any large scale application to the crop.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 120 days for leafy vegetables and 30 days for all other crops not listed.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Oberon

(spiromesifen)

Group 23
500 to 600 mL/ha
(200 to 240 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
7
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 3 applications per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Acramite 50WS

(bifenazate)
 
Group 25

851 g/ha (344 g/acre) -  rate is equivalent to 15 pouches per 4 ha

Apply in 500 L/ha (200 L/acre) of water.

3
  • Controls two spotted spider mite.
  • Do not apply more than once per year.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Purespray Green Spray Oil 13E

(mineral oil)
 
smileyUsed in organics

 

10 L of product in 1000 L of water (1% solution)  
  • Suppression only of spider mite.
  • Use up to 1000 L/ha (400 L/acre) spray volume to ensure thorough coverage.
  • Repeat at 7 to 14 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 8 summer spray applications per growing season.
  • For first use on a new variety, test spray a small field area to check for plant tolerance prior to adoption as a general field practice.
  • Do not apply during periods of drought, when plants exhibit moisture stress. 
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • smiley  Purespray Green Spray Oil 13E (PCP# 27666) is OMRI-Canada listed.  Check with your certiification body before using in an organic operation.

Colorado Potato Beetle

Sevin XLR

(carbaryl)

Group 1A
1.25 L/ha
(500 mL/acre)
2
  • Maximum of 2 applications per year.
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • To establish the level of resistance, carry out a diptest early in the season before spraying.
  • Toxic to bees.  Avoid applying durign crop blooming period.  If necessary to treat during this time, make applications in the evening to avoid foraging bees.
  • Do not enter treated area for hand-harvesting or hand-line irrigation for 7 days.  Do not re-enter for scouting, turning, weeding, tying or staking for 3 days.
  • Also controls flea beetles.  See Flea Beetle section of this table for details.

Admire 240 F

(imidacloprid)
 

Alias 240 SC

(imidacloprid)

Group 4
Transplant soil application:
 
Admire 240 F:
7 to 12 mL per 100m of row
 
(see rate conversion chart of label for row spacing calculations)
 
Alias 240 SC:
See label for transplant soil application rate and directions.
N/A
Admire 240 F:
  • Also controls aphids.
  • Use one of the following methods:
  • Apply specified dosage in 2000 L/ha (800 L/ac) of water as a narrow (5 cm or less) surface band over the seedline during planting.
  • Seedlings or established transplants: apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/ac) of water as a subsurface side-dress on both sides of each row. Product must be incorporated into the root zone.
  • Post-seeding drench or transplant-water drench: use higher water volumes to thoroughly wet the soil
  • Do not apply more than once per season as a soil application.
  • Do not make any subsequent application of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Alias 240 SC:  see label for transplant soil application rate and directions.
Foliar application:
200 mL/ha
(80 mL/acre)
7
  • Also controls aphids.
  • Apply after transplanting.
  • Repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 2 applications per year.
  • Do not follow a soil application with a foliar application of Admire 240F.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.

Clutch 50 WDG

(clothianidin)
 
Group 4A
70 to 105 g/ha
(30 to 40 g/acre)
7
  • Also controls aphids.
  • Repeat at 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than twice per season.
  • Toxic to bees. Do not apply to flowering crops if bees are foraging.
  • Do not use in areas treated with clothianidin during the previous season.
  • Observe a one year plantback interval for leafy, root and tuber vegetables (except potato).
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.

Clothianidin

(clothianidin)
 
Group 4A

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)
 
Group 4D

Foliar:

aphids:  500 to 750 mL/ha (200 to 300 mL/acre)

CPB:  750 to 1000 mL/ha (300 to 400 mL/acre)

Apply in at least 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
7
  • Also controls aphids.
  • Do not use in greenhouses. 
  • Repeat at a 7 day interval.
  • Do not make a foliar application of Sivanto Prime following a soil application of Sivanto Prime or other Group 4D insecticide.
  • Do not exceed a total of 2000 mL/ha (810 mL/acre) of product per season.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply to flowering crops or weeds if bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.

Entrust 80 W

(spinosad)
 
smileyUsed in organics
50 g/ha
(20 g/acre)
1
  • Allow 7 to 10 day intervals between applications.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per season.
  • Ensure thorough coverage.
  • Do not apply when wind speed exceeds 16 km/h.
  • Do not apply after rainfall, or if rainfall is expected within 48 hours of application.
  • Do not enter treated area until residue has dried.
  • Highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment, drift or residues.  Harmful to parasitoids and predatory mites.  Slightly harmful to foliage-dwelling predators.
  • Entrust 80 W and Entrust SC are approved for use in organics.
  • Group 5 insecticides.
  • smiley Entrust products are OMRI-USA listed.  Check with your certiification body before using in an organic operation.

Entrust SC

(spinosad)
 
smileyUsed in organics
167 mL/ha 
(68 mL/acre)

Success 480SC

(spinosad)
83 mL/ha
(34 mL/acre)

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Group 28
250 to 375 mL/ha
(100 to 150 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per season.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28
 750 to 1000 mL/ha
(300 to 400 mL/acre)
 
Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
1
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat using a 7 to 14 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • Note:  Do not tank-mix or apply in sequence with strobilurin-, copper- or captan-containing fungicides.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for legume vegetables, cereals, grass, crop group 1A (inlcuding beets, carrots, radish, parsnip, turnip) and crop group 2 (inlcuding beet greens and turnip greens). 
  • Observe a plantback interval of 1 year for crops not on this label.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Also controls aphids and flea beetles.  See Aphids & Flea Beetles section of this table.

Clutch 50 WDG

(clothianidin)
70 to 105 g/ha
(30 to 40 g/acre)

 

7
  • Also controls aphids.
  • Repeat at 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than twice per season.
  • Toxic to bees. Do not apply to flowering crops if bees are foraging.
  • Do not use in areas treated with clothianidin during the previous season.
  • Observe a one year plantback interval for leafy, root and tuber vegetables (except potato).
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.
  • Group 4A insecticides.

Clothianidin

(clothianidin)

*PHI = Pre-harvest interval.
= Very Toxic
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements. See also Pesticide Regulations and Safety section of this guide.
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS – see Pesticide Toxicity Table of this guide.

smileyOMRI-Canada = Organic Materials Review Institute of Canada

smileyOMRI-USA = Organic Materials Review Institute of USA

 

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