Vegetable Production Guide

Cole Crops
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Table 2 Cole Crops Insect Control

This section was updated - 16 June 2017

Table 2 Cole Crops Insect Control

 

Pest

Product

Rate

PHI*

Comments

Organophosphates

Aphids

Lagon 480 E

(dimethoate)

Group 1B
0.7 to 1.0 L/ha
(280 to 405 mL/acre)
Broccoli: 4
Br. Sprouts: 21
Cauliflower: 4
  • NOT REGISTERED ON CABBAGE.
  • Apply no more than 3 applications per season.
  • Use sufficient water for good coverage.

Aphids & Caterpillars

Orthene 75 SP

(acephate)

Group 1B
563 to 825 g/ha
(228 to 335 g/acre)


Apply in 225 to 1650 L/ha (91 to 668 L/acre) water

28
Cauliflower, Cabbage, Br. Sprouts
  • NOT REGISTERED ON BROCCOLI.
  • Do not apply more than 4 times per season.
  • Do not irrigate crop for 48 hours.
  • Do not apply if rainfall is expected within 48 hours of application.
  • Do not feed crop refuse to livestock.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

 

Dibrom

(naled)
1.1 L/ha
(445 mL/acre)
4
  • To prevent crop injury do not apply in temperatures over 32°C.
  • Apply in 100 to 300 L/ha (40 to 120 L/acre) of water.
  • Do not enter treated area for 48 hours.

Cabbage Looper

Dibrom

(naled)

Group 1B
1.1 to 2.2 L/ha
(445 to 890 mL/acre)

Cutworms

Lorsban 4E / Lorsban NT

(chloropyrifos)
Pre-Plant:
2.4 L/ha
(1 L/acre)

Or

In Seedling:
1.2 to 2.4 L/ha
(0.5 to 1 L/ac)
32
  • Best control of cutworms is obtained when the application is made during the afternoon or early evening.
  • Apply 3 to 7 days before planting or at 2 to 5 leaf stage of crop
  • For pre-plant do not incorporate into soil.
  • Apply in 200 to 400 L/ha (80 to 160 L/acre) of water.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.
  • For cauliflower, do not re-enter treated area for 10 days.

Pyrinex 480EC

(chloropyrifos)

Group 1B

Carbamates

Caterpillars

Lannate Toss-N- Go

(methomyl)

Group 1A
270 to 540 g/ha
(110 to 220 g/acre)
Broccoli: 7
Br. Sprouts: 7
Cauliflower: 7
Cabbage: 1
  • Use the lower rate when plants are small.
  • Repeat at 5 to 7 day intervals as needed.
  • Early morning or late evening sprays are recommended.
  • Apply in 250 to 850 L/ha (100 to 345 L/acre of water.

Synthetic Pyrethroids

Caterpillars

Pounce EC

(permethrin)

Group 3
90 to 175 mL/ha
(35 to 70 mL/acre)
Broccoli: 7
Br. Sprouts: 3
Cauliflower: 3
Cabbage: 3
  • Apply in 400 to 650 L/ha (160 to 260 L/acre) of water.
  • Add Agral 90 wetting agent at 300mL per 1000L to improve coverage
  • Very toxic to bees, avoid spraying when bees are foraging.
  • Repeat at a 7 to 10 day spray interval.

Perm-Up EC

(permethrin)

Group 3
90 to 180 mL/ha
(35 to 70 mL/acre)

Decis 5 EC

(deltamethrin)

Group 3
150 to 200 mL/ha
(60 to 80 mL/acre)
Broccoli: 3
Cabbage: 3
Cauliflower: 3
Br. Sprouts: 1
  • Do not make more than 1 application per year to muck soils.
  • Apply prior to Aug. 1 on muck soils.
  • Apply in 350 to 550 L/ha (140 to 220 L/acre) water.

Mako (Ripcord)

(cypermethrin)

Group 3
87.5 to 125 mL/ha
(35 to 50 mL/acre)
3
  • Do not use on muck soils.
  • Use Mako (Ripcord) at the higher rate if larvae are greater than 2 cm in size.
  • Use at 2 week intervals up to a maximum of 3 applications per season.
  • Up-Cyde 2.5 EC should be used with Agral 90 as a surfactant.
  • Apply in 300 to 500 L/ha (120 to 200 L/acre) of water.
  • Very toxic to bees.

Up-Cyde 2.5 EC

(cypermethrin)

Group 3
140 mL//ha
(60 mL/acre)

Matador 120EC

(lambda-cyhalothrin)
42 to 83 mL/ha
(17 to 34 mL/acre)
Broccoli: 3
Br. Sprouts: 3
Cauliflower: 3
Cabbage: 1
  • Use the high rate when cabbage or alfalfa loopers are present.
  • Do not use more than 3 applications per year.
  • Allow a 7 day interval between treatments.
  • Do not enter treated areas for 24 hours.
  • Group 3 insecticides

Silencer 120 EC

(lambda-cyhalothrin)

Neonicotinoids / Chloronicotines / Sulfoximines

Aphids

Actara 240 EC

(thiamethoxam)
 
Group 4
375 to 625 mL/ha
(152 to 253 mL/acre)
N/A
  • Make an in-furrow application at the seeding or transplant depth or a narrow surface band above the seedline during planting.
  • For a surface application, incorporate to the seeding depth with irrigation within 24 hours after planting.
  • Do not apply more than 625 mL/ha (253 mL/acre) per year.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar applications of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.
  • Also provides early suppression of flea beetles.

Assail 70 WP

(acetamiprid)

Group 4
56 to 86 g/ha
(23 to 35 g/acre)

Apply in at least 200 L/ha (80 L/acre) of water
7
  • Do not treated area for 12 hours following applications.
  • Do not enter treated area for 2 days for scouting activities or 4 days for all other activities.
  • Do not exceed a total of 430 g of product per hectare (174 g/acre) per season.
  • Apply at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not use more than 5 times per season.

Admire 240 F

(imidacloprid)

Group 4

Pre-plant or post-transplant
field drench:
6.0 mL per 100 mL row

(see Rate Conversion Chart of label for row spacing calculations)

21
  • Use one of the following methods:
  • Apply specified dosage in 2000 L/ha (800 L/ac) of water as a narrow (5 cm or less) surface band over the seedline at least 14 before planting.
  • Seedlings or established transplants: apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/ac) of water as a subsurface side-dress on both sides of each row. Product must be incorporated into the root zone.
  • Post-seeding drench or transplant-water drench: use higher water volumes to thoroughly wet the soil.
  • Do not apply more than once per season.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar application of a group 4 insecticide.
Foliar:
200 mL/ ha
(80 mL/acre)
7
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 2 applications.
  • Do not apply following a soil, in-furrow or seed treatment application of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply if bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.

Alias 240 SC

(imidacloprid)
 
Group 4
Side-dress (soil injection):
730 mL/ha
(295 mL/acre)
21
  • The sidedress application is more effective than foliar.
  • Do not make more than 1 sidedress application per season.
  • Do not follow with any subsequent foliar application of a group 4 insecticide.
Foliar:
200 mL/ha
(80 mL/acre)
7
  • Repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not make more than 2 applications.
  • Do not apply following a soil, in-furrow or seed treatment application of a group 4 insecticide.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply if bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 24 hours.

Closer SC

(sulfoxaflor)

Group 4C

100 to 150 mL/ha
(40 to 60 mL/acre)

Apply in at least 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
 

3
  • Do not use in greenhouses.
  • Do not make more than 2 applications per growing season.
  • Repeat at a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 300 mL/ha (120 mL/acre) per growing season.
  • Do not apply during crop flowering period or when flowering weeds are present in treatment area.
  •  Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for crops not on this label. 
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Sivanto Prime

(flupyradifurone)
Group 4D

500 to 750 mL/ha
(200 to 300 mL/acre)

Apply in at least 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water
 
1
 
  • Do not use in greenhouses. 
  • Repeat at a 7 day interval.
  • Do not exceed a total of 2000 mL/ha (810 mL/acre) of product per season.
  • Do not use in the greenhouse.
  • Toxic to bees.  Do not apply if flowering weeds are present and bees are visiting the treatment area.
  • Do not enter treated areas for 12 hours.

 

Caterpillars

Concept

(imidacloprid & deltamethrin)

Group 3 & 4
650 mL/ ha
(265 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 to 200 L/ha (40 to 80 L/acre) of water
7
  • Also controls crucifer flea beetle and aphids.
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times/ year.
  • Do not apply following a soil application of a Group 4 insecticide.
  • Observe a plant back interval of 9 months for peas and beans and 1 year for all other crops not listed on label.
  • Highly toxic to bees.
  • Do not re-enter for 24 hours.

Tetronic and Tetramic Acid Derivatives

Aphids

Movento 240 SC

(spirotetramat)

Group 23

220 to 365 mL/ha
(90 to 150 mL/acre)

 

1
  • Apply in 300 L/ha (120 L/acre) of water.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Maximum allowed per crop season: 730 mL/ha (295 mL/acre).
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.
  • Use with one of the following adjuvants: non-ionic (eg. Agral 90 or Ag-Surf) or methylated seed oil (eg. Hasten).

Diamides

Caterpillars

Coragen

(chlorantraniliprole)

Group 28
250 mL/ha
(100 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L per ha (40 L per acre) of water
3
  • For optimum control, apply with a modified seed oil adjuvant (see label.)
  • Repeat at 3 day intervals.
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per season.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.

Aphids, Caterpillars, Cutworms &         Flea Beetles

Exirel

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28

Aphids:  500 to 1500 mL/ha
(200 to 600 mL/acre)

Caterpillars:  250 to 500 mL/ha
(100 to 200 mL/acre)

Cutworms:  500 to 750 mL/ha
(200 to 305 mL/acre)

Flea beetles:  500 to 1000 mL/ha
(200 to 400 mL/acre)

Apply in 100 L/ha (40 L/acre) of water

1
  • Do not make more than 4 applications per growing season.
  • Do not apply for 60 days following a soil treatment application of a group 28 insecticide.
  • For aphid control, repeat using a 5 day interval.
  • For cutworm and caterpillar control, repeat using a 7 day interval.
  • Do not apply more than 4.5 L/ha (1.8 L/acre) per season.
  • For early season cutworm control, apply when rain is not expected in the next 24 hours.
  • For cutworms, ensure adequate coverage of lower portions of plant.
  • Use with an adjuvant such as Hasten NT at a rate of 0.25% v/v or MSO Concentrate with Leci-Tech at a rate of 0.5% v/v.
  • Toxic to bees and certain beneficial insects.  Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active.
  • Note:  Do not tank-mix or apply in sequence with strobilurin-, copper- or captan-containing fungicides.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for legume vegetables, cereals, grass, crop group 1A (inlcuding beets, carrots, radish, parsnip, turnip) and crop group 2 (inlcuding beet greens and turnip greens). 
  • Observe a plantback interval of 1 year for crops not on this label.
  • Do not enter treated area for 12 hours.

Caterpillars, Cabbage Loopers & Flea Beetles

Verimark

(cyantraniliprole)
 
Group 28
750 to 1000 mL/ha
(300 to 400 mL/acre)
N/A
  • For flea beetles, provides early season damage reduction only. 

  • Apply as an in-furrow spray, in the transplant water or as a banded surface application at the time of transplanting.
  • Do not make more than 1 soil application per season.

  • Adjust the pH of the spray tank to approximately 4 to 6 using a commercially available acidifier.  See label for directions.

  • Do not make subsequent foliar applications of a group 28 insecticide for 60 days following a soil application.
  • Observe a plantback interval of 30 days for legume vegetables, cereals, grass, crop group 1A (inlcuding beets, carrots, radish, parsnip, turnip) and crop group 2 (inlcuding beet greens and turnip greens). 
  • Observe a plantback interval of 1 year for crops not on this label.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

In-Furrow:

  • Apply as a narrow band spray into the furrow at the seeding depth.

Transplant water treatment:

  • Transplants should be adequately watered before transplanting.
  • At tranplanting, use a minimum of 45 mL of treatment solution per transplant.
  • Use sufficient water volume to thoroughly wet the root zone.

Surface band at planting:

  • Apply as a narrow (5cm or less) surface band spray above the seed line at planting. 
  • Incorporate within 24 hours of application using sufficient irrigation to reach the seed depth.

Insect Growth Regulators

Caterpillars

Rimon 10 EC

(novaluron)

Group 15
410 to 820 mL/ha
(165 to 330 mL/acre)

Apply in 200 to 400 L/ha (80 to 160 L/acre) of water
2-4
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Maximum of 3 applications per season.
  • Do not apply more than 2460 mL/ha (995 mL/acre) per season.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.
  • May be toxic to bees.

Intrepid

(methoxyfenozide)

Group 18
300 to 600 mL/ha
(120 to 240 mL/acre)

Apply in 300 L/ha (120 L/acre) of water
1
  • Apply at first sign of feeding damage.
  • Tank-mix with a nonionic surfactant such as Agral 90 at 0.25% v/v.
  • Repeat at 7 to 14 day intervals.
  • Do not re-enter for 12 hours.

Selective Homopteran Feeding Blockers

Aphids

Beleaf

(flonicamid)

Group 29
120 to 160 g/ha
(50 to 60 g/acre)
0
  • Apply in 94 L/ha (38 L/acre) of water.
  • Repeat at 7 day intervals.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Do not apply more than 480 g/ha (200 g/acre) per season.
  • Do not re-enter treated area for 12 hours.

Microbials

Caterpillars

Dipel 2X DF

(Bacillus thuringiensis)

Approved for use in organics
55 to 550 g/ha
(22 to 220 g/acre)

Apply in 400 L/ha (162 L/acre) of water
0
Broccoli,
Cauliflower,
Cabbage
  • Dipel 2X DF is not registered for use on Brussels sprouts.
  • Different rates area required for listed pests, when using Dipel 2X DF (check label).
  • A spreader sticker is recommended on cabbage for Dipel 2X DF.
  • Most effective when pests are young.
  • Must be eaten by the caterpillars.

Bioprotec CAF

(Bacillus thuringiensis)

Group 11
1.4 to 2.8 L/ha
(0.6 to 1.1 L/acre)

Apply in at least 300 L/ha (121 L/acre) of water
0

Thuricide-HPC

(Bacillus thuringiensis)
2.0 to 4.25 L/ha
(0.8 to 1.7 L/acre)
0
  • Apply in 200 L/ha (80 L/acre) water.
  • Group 11 insecticide.

XenTari WG

(Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. aizawai)

Group 11

Approved for use in organics

 

500 to 1000 g/ha
(200 to 400 g/acre)

Use up to 500 L/ha (200 L/acre) of water

0
  • Treat larvae at the early instar stage.
  • Repeat at 3 to 14 day intervals.
  • Use enough water to ensure full coverage but not to the point of run off.
  • Larvae must be actively feeding on treated, exposed plant surfaces.
  • Apply in the evening or on a cloudy day.
  • Do not allow spray mixture to stand in the tank for more than 12 hours.
  • When used in the greenhouse, do not re-enter treated area until the spray is dried.

Spinosyns

Caterpillars

Delegate WG

(spinetoram)

Group 5
140 to 200 g/ha
(60 to 80 g/acre)
1
  • Apply at egg hatch or to small larvae.
  • Repeat at 5 day intervals.
  • Maximum of 3 applications per year.
  • Toxic to bees. Avoid spraying when bees are foraging.

Entrust 80W

(spinosad)
109 g/ha
(44 g/acre)
3
  • Entrust 80 W and Entrust SC also suppresses crucifer flea beetle and thrips.
  • For suppression of thrips, use Entrust 80 W at the rate of 87.5 g/ha (35.4 g/acre) or Entrust SC at the rate of 292 mL/ha (118 mL/acre) in 300 to 500 L/ha (120 to 200 L/acre) of water.
  • Use the caterpillar rate for suppression of crucifer flea beetle.
  • Do not apply more than 3 times per year.
  • Repeat at 7 to 10 day intervals.
  • Do not enter treated area for 3 days for activities which involve contact with treated areas.
  • Highly toxic to bees.  Harmful to parasitoids and predatory mites.  Slightly harmful to foliage-dwelling predators.
  • Entrust 80 W and Entrust SC are approved for use in organics.
  • Group 5 insecticides.

Entrust SC

(spinosad)
364 mL/ha (147 mL/acre)

Success 480SC

(spinosad)
182 mL/ha
(74 mL/acre)
*PHI = Pre-harvest interval.
= Very Toxic
BUFFERS – Refer to product label for buffer requirements. See also Pesticide Regulations and Safety section of this guide.
PESTICIDE GROUP DETAILS - see Pesticide Toxicity Table of this guide.

 

Viewing Section 15 of 16